note on effect of coal mining in nigeria

Coal Exploration and Mining Geology

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS GEOLOGY – Vol. V – Coal Exploration and Mining Geology - Colin R. Ward ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) • Coal Marketing: the procuring of markets or development of facilities to use the coal that will come from the mine over its working life; • Mine Development: the acquisition, construction and commissioning of the plant

Federal Register :: Agency Information Collection ...

 · Abstract: Section 523 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 requires that a Federal lands program be established to govern surface coal mining and reclamation operations on Federal lands. The information is needed to assist the regulatory authority to determine the eligibility of an applicant to conduct coal mining on ...

The Impacts of Energy Extraction on the Environment in ...

Sub-bituminous coal is the major type of coal found in Nigeria. It is important as a fuel because it burns slowly and provides a lot of heat. The coal reserves in Nigeria are estimated to be in excess of 2.5 billion tones [8]. Coal deposits are found in the southern states …

Coal Mine Closure and a Just Transition for All

 · Our recently completed ASA (June 2020) entitled "Preparing for a Managed Transition of Coal-dependent Regions in Western Macedonia, Greece" applied our assessment framework on coal sector transition to the real situation of lignite mining in Western Macedonia. It provided to the government, academia, industry and civil society a rich ...

Effects of coal mining on the water resources in the ...

 · Coal mining in the Enugu area of Nigeria has generated a lot of mine waste that has been dumped in landfills and surface dumps chosen for convenience and proximity to the waste source rather than environmental, geologic or engineering considerations. Environmental degradation and groundwater contamination has resulted. Structural analysis of the area shows that the geological …

Nigerian Coal Corporation

In 1909, coal was discovered in Enugu, Nigeria. The Ogbete drift mine opened six years later. The Ogbete mine''s operations and others in the country were merged into a new corporation in 1950: The Nigerian Coal Corporation. The NCC was tasked with exploiting coal resources, and held a monopoly on coal and coke mining, production, and sales ...

ENVIRONMENTAL GEOCHEMICAL STUDIES ON THE EFFECTS …

coal mining differs from region to region (Turbak, et al 1979). Most of the coal mines which were actively developed in Enugu area from the early twentieth century were closed due to economic conditions or exhaustion of the ore resources and became important source of heavy metal contamination to the neighboring environment.

Assessing the Ecological Effects of Mining in West Africa ...

 · Nigeria''s abundant solid minerals constitute some of the largest known deposits in recent years under different categories. With the activities in the sector characterized by production and a growing environmental decline often overlooked. This research uses a mix scale approach of descriptive statistics and GIS methodology in analyzing the ecological impacts of mining in Nigeria.

The environmental implications of the exploration and ...

 · Coal can be mined by both the open cast mining method and the underground mining method. Nigeria''s most exploited coal mines are located at Enugu where NCC operated two underground coal mines and commercial production started in 1916, the peak in coal production was in the late 1950s reaching approximately 920,000 tons per annum.

Nigerian Mining Sector Brief | 1 Nigerian Mining Sector Brief

Printed in Nigeria. Nigerian Mining Sector Brief | 3. Section. ... 2.1 Coal 08 2.2umen Bit 09 2.3 Limestone 09 2.4 Iron-Ore 09 2.5arites B 09 2.6ead-Zinc L 11 2.7 Gold 11. 3al and Regulatory Framework Leg 12. 3.1 Mines Inspectorate Department 13 3.2 Mines Environmental and Compliance Department 13 ...

The impact of tantalite mining on the flora diversity in ...

 · The activities of the artisanals and small-scale miners in Nasarawa state, Nigeria, are increasing daily without considering the loss of biodiversity, which has continuously disrupted ecological functions and environmental balance. The study aimed at investigating the effect of tantalite mining activities on flora diversity. Three study sites were selected for floristic data collection ...

Impact of Coal Mining Activities on Crops around Maignga ...

Most mining activities in Nigeria are open cast mining which has a highly damaging effect on the environment. Some of these environmental effects include loss of prime agricultural land, forest cover, water regime, air quality and biodiversity. Mining of solid minerals like coal has the potential of causing environmental degradation.

Coal Mining''s Environmental Impact | From The Ashes

 · In Appalachia, coal companies blow the tops off of mountains to get at the coal. The damage this does to the surrounding environment and water supply is deva...

Effect of Coal Mining on Agricultural Land of Maiganga ...

Effect of Coal Mining on Agricultural Land of Maiganga Coal Mining Area, Gombe-Nigeria 1 ADAMU SANI J., 2 SABO AHMED, 2 ALIYU MELE M. and 3 MAHMOUD AISHA B.

EFFECT OF SLUM ON PROPERTY VALUES A CASE STUDY AGUOWA

THE EFFECT OF SLUM ON PROPERTY VALUES A CASE STUDY AGUOWA IN ENUGU, ENUGU STATE. CHAPTER ONE. INTRODUCTION. At the commencement of coal mining in Enugu in 1915, Aguowa received many immigrants from where the commute to the city to partake in coal …

South African equity investor set to increase power ...

 · The federal government is set to partner with South African equity investor, Simang Group and the Enugu state government to revive the coal industry for the benefit of the South East geopolitical zone. This partnership is expected to boost the economic climate of Enugu state and by extension the south east. "We have always been hopeful that coal will once again play a major role in the ...

Assessment of Coal Mining Effects on Soil Quality in ...

Though, past efforts in coal mining in Nigeria have been hampered by environmental concerns about the effects of open cast coal mining. The current economic diversification plans of Nigeria government is predominantly on improving agriculture and mining of solid minerals. However, mining …

THE EFFECT OF COAL MINING ON THE WATER QUALITY OF …

Keywords: Coal mining, water quality, acid mine drainage, heavy metals. 1. Introduction Okaba district is a rural community in Nigeria, where coal mining was the central socio-economic activity for thirty-eight years (1967-2005). Odagbo coal mine is located in Okaba district, and …

Environmental and Health Implications of Coal Mining at ...

 · Coal occurrence, exploitation, Processing, and utilization have strong impact both on human health and the environment. This results from its composition and environment of occurrence. Maiganga Coal occurs in the Gombe sandstone. Result of the petrography analysis of the study area demonstrates high silica content and the presence of some elements in the mine.

(DOC) ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF OIL AND GAS …

The expropriation of land for oil exploration as seen in Nigeria is subject to bring forth various health effects especially amongst the marginalised communities who are forced to undertake activities such as the deforestation of swampy lands thus affecting their health 24 …

Impact of Coal Export and Economic Development in Nigeria ...

coal mines were discovered. Mining activities commenced in these mines in 1917. As time went on, the leading role of coal in the country''s energy mix declined rapidly following the discovery of oil in commercial quantity in the late 1950''s. This was hastened by the outbreak of the Nigerian civil war which lasted from 1967 to 1970.

Mining sector in Nigeria has anoptimistic future, but ...

 · "In 2015, coal mined in Nigeria totalled 144.88 billion metric tonnes, while metal ore mined totaled around 22 638.96 million metric tonnes," he illustrates. "Coal is largely exploited in Nigeria due to its use in the steel and cement industries and as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production.

Conflict implications of coal mining and environmental ...

The effect of coal mining is not only limited to air pollution, but has further resulted in global warming all over the world. During coal mining activities, a number of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen oxide and other heat-trapping gases are produced which remain in the atmosphere for several years once emitted ...

Impacts of Coal Mining | Term Paper | Geography

The sequential effects are decreased infiltration, increased run-off, increased erosion, and evaporation of soil moisture, increased barren earth surface, its drying up, loss of groundwater through capillary rise and lowering of water table. Term Paper # 6. Impacts of Coal Mining on Society:

Effects of coal mining on the water resources in the ...

Effects of coal mining on the water resources in the communities hosting the Iva Valley and Okpara Coal Mines in Enugu State, Southeast Nigeria I. I. Obiadi1 • C. M. Obiadi1 • B. E. B. Akudinobi1 • U. V. Maduewesi1 • E. O. Ezim1 Received: 2 September 2015/Accepted: 28 April 2016/Published online: 7 …

The effect of political and policy outcomes on mining in ...

 · Eunomix has completed an independent empirical analysis of the impact mineral policy has had on the performance and socioeconomic contribution on the mining sector in South Africa over the past 20 years. The report outlines how mineral policies drive the operational, performance and investment decisions of mining producers.

COAL ATLAS

Outside the traditional coal areas in Eastern Nigeria, coal is also found in Kogi State. Okobo, a small town in Enjema District of Ankpa Local Gov-ernment Area, has reserves of up to 380 million tonnes of coal. Abiodun Baiyewu-Teru, Executive Director at Global Rights Nigeria, describes the hu-man rights perspective of coal mining in Nigeria.

The Carbon Brief Profile: Nigeria

 · Coal. Nigeria has an estimated 2bn metric tonnes of coal reserves. In its history, it has had a handful of small coal-fired power plants, but none are still in operation. The mining ministry has repeatedly said it is the government''s intention to supply 30% of the country

Coal Deposits in Nigeria, West Africa with their Locations ...

Coal Deposits - Some Africa countries like Nigeria is blessed with coal rich states especially Enugu which is known as the "the coal city" because of its vast coal deposits, other states include; Benue, Kogi, Delta, Kwara, Plateau, Abia, Anambra, Bauchi, Edo, Ondo, Adamawa and Imo.. Fossil fuels came up as a result of the remains of dead animals and plants million years ago; an example of ...

Environment Stakeholders Urge FG To Stop Issuing Coal ...

 · Stakeholders in Nigeria''s Environment sector on Friday called on the Federal Government to stop further issuance of coal mining licenses to mining companies. Mr. David Michael, Executive Director, Global Initiative for Food Security and Ecosystem Preservation (GIFSEP) an NGO, discloses this at a press conference in Abuja. Michael says that the essence of the meeting is in …

Environmental and Health Implications of Coal Mining at ...

Coal occurrence, exploitation, Processing, and utilization have strong impact both on human health and the environment. This results from its composition and environment of occurrence. Maiganga Coal occurs in the Gombe sandstone. Result of the petrography analysis of the study area demonstrates high silica content and the presence of some elements in the mine.

COAL MINING AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ACID …

COAL MINING AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE ~AMD: A REVIEW, T. I. Ojonimi, et al Nigerian Journal of Technology, Vol. 39, No. 3, July 2020 739 mines or processing facilities and is formed as a result of particles oxidation by water and air [4, 5].

In Siberia, Toxic Black Snow Reveals the Toll of Coal Mining

 · A 2015 report published by Ecodefense stated that 59 percent of all Russian coal was mined in the region, which then hosted 120 coal mining facilities and 52 enrichment plants.

Impact of Coal Mining on the Environment in Mainganga ...

Impact of Coal Mining on the Environment inMainganga Community of Akko Local Government, Gombe State, Nigeria . By Maina Benjamin, Kachalla Aliyuda & Comfort C. Amin Dawa . Gombe StateUniversity. Abstract-The discovery of coal in Maiganga village has attracted the location of coal mining

Maina Benjamin | Gombe State University, Gombe State ...

The study recommends Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and land reclamations by the mining industry in order to minimise the effect of coal mining on the environment. Furthermore the living condition of the affected communities needed to be given outmost priority to avoid hostile confrontation from the community as occurred in the past.

Effects of coal mining on the water resources in the ...

Sustainable Water Resources Management September 2016, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 207–216 | Cite as Effects of coal mining on the water resources in the communities hosting the Iva Valley and Okpara Coal Mines in Enugu State, Southeast Nigeria AuthorsAuthors and affiliations I. I. ObiadiC. M. ObiadiB. E. B. AkudinobiU. V. MaduewesiE.

HISTORY: The History of Coal in Nigeria | Heinrich Böll ...

 · Abiodun Baiyewu-Teru looks at the history of coal in Nigeria. Coal was first discovered in Nigeria in 1909 at the Udi Ridge in Enugu by a British mines engineer, Albert Kitson. Kitson had been prospecting for silver. By 1914, the year of Nigeria''s amalgamation, the first consignment of coal made its way to the United Kingdom from the newly ...

Socio-Economic Impacts of Tin Mining in Jos, Plateau State ...

Socio-Economic Impacts of Tin Mining in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria 1onwuka, S.U.,2 Duluora, J.O.,3okoye C.O. ABSTRACT: This work studied the social and economic impacts of tin mining in Rayfield of Jos Plateau, Nigeria. The conceptual framework is based on the concept of sustainable development. Questionnaire was

Subsidence from Underground Mining: Environmental …

effects of underground mining. The major em­ phasis is on coal mining. The time to plan for subsidence impacts is well before mining begins, not after surface effects are noticed. Because subsidence due to underground mining may be inevitable, the relevant questions to be asked are how much, when, and where, and